The Serenade for Solo Violin, Strings, Harp and Percussion (after Plato's "Symposium") is a five-movement concerto written by Leonard Bernstein in 1954 and first performed at La Fenice in Venice by Isaac Stern and Igor Stravinskij.
The Serenade is highly unusual in that the composer was inspired by Plato's Symposium, a dialogue of related statements in praise of love, each statement made by a distinguished Athenian speaker.
Although the Serenade is for violin, strings, harp and percussion, the violin is the most prominent solo instrument. The work can therefore be considered essentially a violin concerto.
Krzysztof Penderecki composed his Concerto for Violin and orchestra between 1974 and 1976; the work was first performed on April 27, 1977 by the violinist Isaac Stern, accompanied by the Basie Symphony Orchestra conducted by Moshe Atzmon. This is Penderecki's second composition for violin and orchestra.
Penderecki's Concerto was originally to have consisted of five movements. Working on the first movement, however, he finally found himself concentrating exclusively on it, continually extending its structure, so that today the work may be seen as a sort of long meditation in a single movement lasting almost 40 minutes.
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Orchestra da Camera Italiana
Salvatore Accardo, violin, director (1-5)
Orchestra Giovanile Italiana
Krzysztof Penderecki, director (6)
Serenade Per Violino, Archi, Arpa E Percussioni
1. Lento, Allegro
5. Molto tenuto, Allegro molto vivace
6. Concerto for violin